What is organic gardening? It means that you must put up with bugs eating your plants and unattractive flowerbeds. Organic gardening is not using pesticides or fertilizers. Organic gardening is a way to replenish natural resources. This can be like feeding depleted soil with composted plants or planting legumes to add nitrogen to an area planted with a heavy feeder. Your garden is only one part of the larger picture. It will view as an integral part of the natural system. We write here a complete guide on organic gardening. So keep reading.
What is organic gardening?
Organic is a term that always uses for food and gardening. But what does it actually mean? It all depends on the context. You can explain organic gardening as growing in harmony and balance with nature without pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, or herbicides. It can be challenging for farmers and commercial growers. The 1990 Organic Foods Production Act established national standards for foods called “organic” regardless of whether they are grown in the United States or imported. In 2002, new federal programs were created to ensure that organic agricultural products are derived from farms or processing operations that have been certified by the USDA.
Organic gardening at home is an option for gardeners. It’s much easier and more enjoyable than traditional gardening. Therese Ciesinski is the Organic Gardening magazine’s managing editor. She says that organic gardening goes beyond avoiding synthetic pesticides or fertilizers. It’s about learning from nature and trying to emulate them in your garden. The best way to do this is to learn about the soil’s composition and give it the nutrients it needs. Organic gardening has a rule: Feed the ground and not the plants.
Read more: What is urban gardening
How to start an organic garden
You have been trying to eat organic food to reduce the number of pesticides your family uses and protect the environment. Organic food can quickly become very expensive. It is the best way to grow fresh produce and learn new skills. Do you not know where to start? You can hire someone to help you install and maintain an organic garden. Most people can do it with minimal effort. At first start with one or two plants. Don’t worry if it doesn’t happen immediately.
Preparing the soil
To get the best out of your organic garden, make sure that the soil is well-conditioned. Plants need to be fed. Healthy soil is essential for strong and productive plants. Chemical soil treatments can seep into food and cause damage to beneficial bacteria, worms, and other microbes. It is the best way to determine the quality of your soil. Test it. You can. You can get a home testing kit. Send a sample to the local agricultural extension office. You can get a detailed breakdown of pH and nutrient level, along with treatment recommendations for a small fee.
Make sure that you inform them that you are going organic. It’s better to test in the fall and to apply organic nutrients before winter. Even if testing is not something you have the time to do, it’s still essential. Make sure that your soil is rich in the nutrients humus. Composite the organic matter and not the Mediterranean spread. It is preferable to get your manure from organically and humanely-raised livestock.
Make good compost
Compost is suitable for all gardens. You can also make your own custom-made website. It’s also free! Compost is good for plants and helps to conserve water. It also reduces weeds and keeps yard and food waste out of landfills. Mix compost with potting soil to cover plants. It’s difficult to use too many! Mixing the correct amount of carbon- and nitrogen-rich organic waste with soil, Water, and air creates the best compost. Although it sounds complicated, you don’t need to worry if your time is within the limit. Even a poorly maintained pile can still produce good results.
- Measure a minimum of three feet in square to get started. A compost pile can be as simple as a pile Or contained in a bin or custom pen (some can be rotated to improve results).
- Alternating layers Carbon (or brown) material — leaf trimmings and garden trimmings and Nitrogen (or green) material (such as kitchen scraps or manure) with a thin layer of soil in between.
- Turn the bank As layers are added, Water should be kept moistened (barely) to encourage microbe activity. Good compost should be ready in two to three months, or even longer if it is cold.
- A well-maintained compost pile should not smell. If it smells, add more carbon material (leaves, straw, or sawdust) to the compost pile and rotate it more often.
Choose the best plants
It is very vital to select plants that can thrive in your micro-conditions. Check the USDA’s Hardiness Zones as a guide. Plants should adapt to local conditions, such as light, soil quality, drainage, moisture, and drainage. These variables can vary across gardens. The more resistant your plants are to attack, the happier they will be. Make sure you don’t buy seedlings that have been treated with pesticides. Start your journey at the local nursery. You can find native plants and varieties at local farmers’ markets. Stockpile seedlings that have few blooms or root systems that aren’t overcrowded. You can grow many things from seeds, such as sunflowers, annual poppies, and coriander, as well as larkspurs, annual lupine and morning glories, sweet potatoes, squash, cucumbers, and larkspurs.
You should group plants you are harvesting, such as vegetables, and cutting flowers in beds; you can’t move on. Raised beds are great. The benefits of grouping are that it reduces weeding and water waste and targets nutrients and compost. Air circulation is encouraged by the ample space between rows, which repels fungal attacks.
Keep in mind that seedlings will not always be tiny, and you don’t want them to. Limit overshadowing. It is a wise idea to thin your crops according to nursery recommendations. Leslie Land says that organic produce should be grown in small spaces and given limited time to get the best returns. These plants are usually winners
- Indeterminate tomatoes: So named because the vines grow larger and produce more fruit until they reach frost.
- Non-hybrid (old-fashioned) pole beans: They will keep growing and producing until frost if you keep them picked.
- Zucchini: All they say about the avalanches and zucchini are true, even for hybrid varieties.
- Swiss chard You can continue to pick off the outer leaves for many months. As long as you have enough Water, every picking will remain tender.
- Sugar snaps and tall snow peasThey are easy to grow and yield delicious rewards.
Give Water to your plants in the morning. Why? Mornings are more relaxed with less wind, which means that less water is lost to evaporation. Plants watered in the evening will remain damp for extended periods, increasing their vulnerability to fungal and bacterial disease. The ideal is to Water the roots and not the greenery. It is easy to damage. You can either use a drip or soak system, or you can water your plants manually. Experts recommend that established plants be given a lot of Water, but not too much. This includes rain and a minimum of one inch per week. Deeper rooting encourages more vigorous plants. Avoid shockingly tender greenery Use water at or near the temperature of the air. Rainwater collected is the best.
You will still find weeds no matter where you live. Pulling them by hand can also be an excellent way to get outside and exercise. Reduce the number of weeds. Apply mulch to help protect the soil. Use burlap and organic mulch in a pinch. Straw is inexpensive, but it doesn’t last very long. Wood chips can be expensive, but they are very nice. People often use lawn clippings. However, because of their high nitrogen content, they should not be used on plants that require a lot of that nutrient, like squash or lettuce.
Protecting plants without pesticides
Pests may be attacking your garden, which could indicate other problems. Make sure your plants get enough light, nutrients, as well as moisture. Remember that diversifying your garden can help prevent pests. It will limit the number of enemies you have. It’s a great thing. Foster natural predators In your garden, you can find frogs and toads as well as lizards, lizards, and birds.
Ladybugs and other beneficial insects are great friends. Although they are often sold in cans by nurseries, there is a good chance that they will not stay. To attract predators, leave a small amount of water. It is also a good idea. Tiny blossoms are a good choice for plants. Sweet alyssum, dill, and other herbs attract predatory insects. You can also use row covers and nets. Bacillus Thuringiensis is an organic weapon that causes disruption in the digestion of caterpillars. You can also use horticultural oil, insecticidal soaps, and garlic.
Remember to reap the rewards of your labor! In general, the more you harvest, your plants will produce more for you. You’ll find it best to avoid peak harvest season. Check your garden every day. Have herbs? Pick them as soon as you can. If you plan to dry and store them, wait until they are just before they bloom. They will have the best flavor. All herbs, except basil, should collect in the middle of the morning after the dew has dried. Harvest basil in the afternoon as it will stay longer in the sun.
Pick a few leaves from each plant when harvesting leafy greens. Before sending off flowers for broccoli, wait until your central head has grown to the maximum size. If you cut the product just above the leaf node, you will get more production. It is best to use a sharp knife when cutting the crop. Don’t rip the crop with your fingers, as this could cause more damage. You can freeze some produce, keep it in a root cellar or canned. Enjoy!
If you find sick plants at the beginning of the season or towards the end of the calendar year, you should remove the whole organism. You should also make sure to clean up the underside of diseased leaves as they can be a problem for an extended period. Place infected material in the woods at least one foot below the ground or on the bonfire. The healthiest or You can leave plants that have been replanted over the winter. Your soil will be provided with food and habitat by plants and protected from erosion by plant cover. It is better to, instead of removing annuals, chop them off. This will ensure that you leave the soil intact and prevent weeds from getting a foothold.
We have completed the whole discussion on what organic gardening is and how to do it. We hope that you understand the entire thing about organic gardening. This article will also help you to do organic gardening. If you want to share anything with us, feel free to share your words by commenting below.